Amnir amsisɣel

Amnir amsisɣel n teɣbula n tesɣunt Ussnan

(i yeddan d tlugnin n APA tazrigt tis 7)

Tiɣbula daxel n uḍris

Ilugan imuta

  • Err gar tuccar « », daxel n uḍris, izwal n yimagraden d yixfawen d yisebtar n Internet.
  • Izwal n yidlisen, ineqqisen d iyalassen ad ttwarun s tira imalen.
  • Rnu, gar tacciwin ( ), url i tansiwin n Internet d yiɣmisen (ma yella wamek) d wuṭṭun n lqem n usnans i d-yettwabedren deg uḍris.
  • Ilaq ad d-yettwabder wuṭṭun n usebter s usemres n uzmul: sb., anagar ma yella yettwabder-d udlis s wudem amatu.
  • Aɣbalu yesɛan ugar n yiwen n usebter ad d-yettwabder s usemres n uzmul : isb. Amedya : (isb. 16-17), (isb. 38, 97, 152).
  • Ma yella uɣbalu yettwabder-d i tikkelt nniḍen deg uḍris, ilaq ad d-yettuɛawed ubdar-ines am tikkelt tamezwarut (Aɣara, aseggas, sb.). Yezmer ur d-yettuɛawad ara useggas n usizreg ma yella yettwabder-d yakan deg tseddart-nni i ilan ayendin n tebdar n tesrit. 
  • Araten ur yesɛin ara uṭṭunen n yisebtar (isebtar n Internet), ad yettubeddel wuṭṭun n usebter :
    • S wuṭṭun neɣ s uzwel n tseddart (tased. 5), 
    • S wuṭṭun neɣ s uzwel ummid neɣ awezlan n yixef neɣ n uḥric (ixef 2), 
    • S wuṭṭun n tigri n tugna1 (tugn. 5) (diapo), 
    • S wuṭṭun n tegzemt d tsayest (tasay. 2),
    • Akud d useggas (ma yella) i deg tettwaṭṭef tvidyut (1:05:28).

Taɣbalut ilaq ad d-tettwabder akka:

  • Yiwen n umeskar:  (Aɣara, aseggas, sb.): (Chaker, 1987, sb. 154).
  • Yiwen n umeskar s wayendin n yimahilen: (Aɣara, aseggas1, aseggas2): (Bourdieu, 1980, 2000).
  • Yiwen n umeskar s wayendin n yimahilen i d-yefɣen deg yiwen n useggas. Amedya: (Aɣara, 1980a, 1980b).
  • Sin n yimeskaren: (Aɣara1 & Aɣara2, aseggas, sb.): (Bounfour & Chaker, 1996, sb. 25).
    Deg tukkist tasrit daxel n uḍris, semres d deg umkan n &.
  • Sin n yimeskaren i yettemcabin deg uɣara s yimahilen yemgaraden: (asekkil amezwaru n yisem1., Aɣara1, aseggas ; asekkil amezwaru n yisem2., Aɣara2, aseggas) : (A. Bali, 2000 ; S. Bali, 2004).
  • Sin n yimeskaren imalalen yettemcabin deg uɣara: (Aɣara1 & Aɣara2, aseggas, sb.): (Bali & Bali, 2000, sb. 83).
  • Kraḍ n yimeskaren imalalen neɣ ugar: (Aɣara n umeskar1 d wiyiḍ., aseggas) : (Merolla d wiyiḍ., 2012).
    Tasureft: ma yella ismawen n yimeskaren-agi ttuɣalen-d lwaḥid deg wayendin n yimahilen imezdiyen i d-yefɣen deg yiwen n useggas: bder-d sin neɣ kraḍ n yismawen imezwura, akken imyezwaren deg ugemmay, rnu sdat-s asegzel d wiyiḍ : (Bounfour, Chaker, Dejeux, d wiyiḍ., 1993), (Bounfour, Chaker, Yacine, d wiyiḍ, 1993).
    Ma yella uɣbalu deg tefyirt, tanfalit d wiyiḍ ad tuɣal d yimeskaren imalalen.
  • Ayendin n yimahilen deg yiwen n uɣbalu: (Aɣara1, aseggas; Aɣara2, aseggas; Aɣara3, aseggas): (Dallet, 1982; Haddadou, 2007; Taifi, 1991).
  • War azemz (ulac azemz n usizreg): (Aɣara, wr. zm., sb.).
  • War ameskar: (azwel neɣ awal amezwaru n uzwel, aseggas, sb.).
  • Ameskar war isem (ur yettwassen): (Warisem, aseggas, sb.) (Ad yettwaru warisem ma yella akka i yettwabder deg udlis).
  • Auteur anonyme (inconnu) : (Anonyme, année, p.) (On écrit Anonyme seulement si c’est indiqué sur l’œuvre. A reproduire ainsi dans la liste bibliographique).
  • Tuddsa, tasudur neɣ takebbanit:
    • Abdar i tikkelt tamezwarut deg uḍris: (Isem akemmali, agezlawal1, aseggas): amedya (Centre de recherche en langue et culture amazighes, CRLCA, 2017).
    • Seg ubdar wis sin d afella: (agezlawal, aseggas): (CRLCA, 2017).
    • Agezlawal yettwasnen (ONU, OMS, etc.): wicqa ad d-ttwabedren yigezlawalen deg uḍris, maca yessefk ad d-yettwabder yisem akemmali deg wumuɣ n teɣbula.
  • Abdar n umeskar (A) i d-ibedren ameskar (B): aneggaru-agi daɣen ad d-yettwabdar, war ma yettwajarred deg wumuɣ n teɣbula.
  • Ma yella ulac aɣbalu n umeskar (B) deg uɣbalu agejdan n umeskar (A) amezwaru, ad naru akka: Boulifa (ibder-it-id Mammeri, 1990).
  • Taywalin tudmawanin1 (taywalt n tilifun, tamsawalt2 neɣ inaw, email, tameɣrayt3, atg.): ad d-binent kan deg uḍris akka: (asekkil amezwaru n yisem. Aɣara n umeɣray, taywalt tudmawant, ass aggur aseggas).
  •     • Adlis uɣris (Leqran, Linǧil, atg.).  Amedya: (Leqran, azwel n tsuret: uṭṭun Laya).
  • Deg wumuɣ n teɣbula: Iḍrisen uɣrisen ad ttwarum am yidlisen nniḍen, war ma yettwabder-d umeskar.

Tibdar

  • Smenyifet tibdar ara yeddun deg tesrit (allus n talɣa) ɣef tebdar tusridin (gar tuccar).
  • Asekkil ameqqran amezwaru n tebdert ad yuɣal d ameẓyan mi ara tekcem deg tlemmast n tefyirt.
  • Agaz n taggara ad yili berra n tebdert, seld aɣbalu:
    « Tabdert » (Ameskar, aseggas). Amedya: « Tahrayt n tmeslayt, aweṛṛat iḥerzen ayen i as-d-yekkan sɣur lwaldin-is, yelha; win irnan s ayen s-d yeǧǧa baba-s, yif-it » (Mammeri, 2005, sb. 29).
  • Tibdar yettwasuqlen :
    • Ma tella tebdert s tutlayt nniḍen, ilaq ad d-tili tsuqilt-is deg tezmilin tineddiyin (s wadda n usebtar). 
    • Ma yella tettwarna-d tebdert yettwasuqlen sɣer umeskar n uɣbalu, ilaq ad d-iban waya deg uḍris s tmerna n tenfalit (isuqel-it Aɣara, asseggas, sb.). Deg wumuɣ n yiɣbula, ad d-yettwabder uɣara n umeskar amsuɣel ad t-id-yeḍfer usegzel (Tasuq.).
    • Ma tella tebdert tettwasuɣel sɣer umeskar n umagrad, ulayɣer ad tili daxel n tuccar, fiḥel ad d-teddu tebdert s tutlayt tanaslit, maca aɣbalu ilaq ad yili. Deg wumuɣ n teɣbula, abdar n uɣbalu ad yeqqim s tutlayt tanaslit ad d-tettwarna tsuqilt n uzwel gar [ ]. Ma yella d ixef seg udlis, ad d-tettunefk tsuqilt n uzwel n yixef.
  • Tibdar ilan 40 n wawalen neɣ ur wwiḍen ara: war tira imalen, gar tuccar tifransisin « ». Tuccar ur ilaq ara ad neṭḍent ɣer wawalen.
    • Tuccar tigliziyin “ ” mmugent i tebdar daxel n tebdar. 
    • Tabdert ilaq ad tili amek i tella deg uɣbalu, anagar :
    • Tukksa n uḥric seg tebdert: ad d-ittuwehhi ɣer waya s usemres n kraḍ n wagazen yettemseḍfaren …
    • Timerna: awalen yettwarnan ad ilin gar [ ].
    • Awalen i yuklalen ad d-binen ugar:  ad ttwarun s tira imalen, rnu sdat-s tanfalit [asebgen yettwarna].
    • Tabdert ilan tuccḍa: ad d-tettwabder amek i tella ad nernu sdat-s [akka] tama n tuccḍa.
  • Tibdar ugar n 40 n wawalen : ad ilint deg tseddart i yiman-nsent ad ttuwexrent ɣef tama, war ilem deg tefyirt tamezwarut, war tuccar, war tira imalen, agerjerrid aḥerfi, ad yettwaru s 12 Times new roman am uḍris. Aɣbalu ad yili ɣer taggara n tseddart deg yiwen n ujerrid.